December 2, 2021

Face2Face vs Online Learning: An Overview

Face to Face Learning

Students in a Face to Face Classroom

Online Learning vs. Face2Face Learning  

Guest article by Elly Beolchi

2020 was arguably the most challenging year that many education systems and students around the world have endured in numerous decades. During February/March last year, when the Covid19 pandemic burst and became global, schools had to move their classes online, forcing countless thousands of teachers to become techies and adapt their school curricula while many students struggled to stay focused and engaged for hours on their screens.

After the first hectic months of teachers attending professional development webinars and students complaining about the difficulties of online learning, it seemed that a balance was finally found. In fact, as much as Face2Face classes still largely remain the preferred way to go for teachers and students, many educators and students have learnt to live with online learning and make the most of it.

What are the PROs and CONs of these two modes of class delivery?

Clear Visual Body Language in F2F Class Learning

The primary difference between these two opposing ways is the class pace or dynamic. In a F2F class, body language is an ally to help convey the meanings of words, especially when it comes to learning a foreign language. Without experiencing clear body language, students easily feel lost and their learning inevitably slows due to the time wasted searching for the meaning in their teachers’ words. Despite the incredible technical features that online learning platforms have developed over the last 12 months, even a simple teacher action like redirecting students to breakout rooms to practise a language point is less personal and takes longer than does personally cueing them in a live classroom to create a group.

Interactive Online Learning

However, online learning can be highly interactive. There is a very wide range of language websites where students can quickly practise grammar or do vocabulary quizzes, allowing teachers in class to focus more on the skills that require their feedback. Look at speaking or writing during a class, for instance. Because of the nature of online learning, where speaking is the primary way of communicating, students are also encouraged to type a lot, which is a great way to expose them to spelling words. Typing is a natural way to reinforce the sounds of words or to correct any mispronunciations. Some discussion (speaking) or reflection (writing) at the beginning of an online class is undoubtedly a successful way to de-stress and warm up students, and another great opportunity for them to practise the language.

Class Atmosphere

It goes without saying that class culture or atmosphere is constrained in an online environment. For example, the use of humour is limited as there is a higher chance of misunderstanding and the risk of being on mute when someone is saying something funny is always round the corner. Students may therefore perceive an online class as being a little “dryer” and less fun than the more personal and intimate F2F classroom.

Environmentally Friendly & Cost Saving

Another plus in favour of online learning is the environment-friendly awareness that comes with being in a digital low-paper classroom. There is also no doubt that online classes using less paper is a great incentive for schools and students to reduce expenses.

In the above attempt to objectively describe the advantages and disadvantages of F2F and Online Learning, it is sensible to understand that both methodologies have their strengths and weaknesses. The choice between them often comes down to your own preference as a learner and which method you feel more comfortable with. Whether you are more old-school or are willing to experiment with new technologies, the most important message to take away is to find your learning opportunities and make full use of them.

Elly Beolchi is Director of Studies at SMEAG English, an English Language school in the heart of Melbourne that specialises in training and developing the English skills of international students. For more information, visit SMEAG is an Industry Alliance of Migration Ways.

a student learning virtually online

Learning Online

Occupation Lists and Jobs in Australia

red job sign in a doorway

Search Occupation Lists for Jobs in Australia

Jobs in Australia and Occupation Lists

We are often asked if we can help non-Australians find jobs in Australia. We are an immigration consultancy, not an employment or recruitment service. However, we do strongly encourage our clients to study what Occupations are classified by Australian governments as in demand across the country, as these Occupations could be a good visa pathway for successful applicants to live and work in Australia.

These Occupation Lists note the Skilled jobs that are deemed by different Australian governments to be in demand across Australia but which are not being filled by Australians. Because of these labour shortages, visas have been made available for foreign nationals who are experienced in these Occupations and who pass the eligibility requirements.

a painter with his brush

Australian Needs Painters and Many Other Skilled Workers

Skilled Occupation Lists

It can be very beneficial for foreigners to know what jobs are on Australia’s national Occupation Lists and the various state/territory Occupation Lists. To repeat the possible great opportunity here for you: The Occupations on these lists are those that governments in Australia have decided are in high demand and need to be filled, consequently visas have been made available for these Occupations. Links to the Occupation lists for Australia and its eight states and territories follow. Search them carefully for your Occupation.

If your Occupation is on any of these lists, contact Migration Ways to book a consultation to learn if this Occupation is a good possible visa pathway for you to live and work in Australia.

search for australian jobs

Search Australia’s Occupation Lists for Jobs in Demand in Australia

Australia’s National Skilled Occupation Lists

If you click to this page of the Department of Home Affairs and scroll down, there is a search function for you to check if your Occupation is on one of the (national) Skilled Occupation Lists. The search results will also show what visa is linked to this Occupation.

(Please note that in December 2019, the Department of Employment, Skills, Small and Family Business “published a Traffic Light Bulletin outlining proposed changes to the skilled migration occupation lists.”)

plumbers in australia

Australian States and Territories Have Their Own Occupation Lists for Jobs in Demand

State & Territory Occupation Lists

Each Australian state and territory has an Occupation List for jobs that need to be filled in that state. See the links on this page to all the state/territory Occupation Lists or click below on the individual state or territory that interests you.

Victoria Occupation List

South Australia Occupation List

Northern Territory Occupation List

Queensland Occupation List

Tasmania Occupation List

Western Australia Occupation List

Australian Capital Territory (ACT) Occupation List

New South Wales (NSW) Occupation List

List of Occupations in Demand and Their Visas

This list from the ABC is another source for you to learn simply if your Occupation is one of the hundreds of Australian Occupations currently in demand and to also see which visa relates to that Occupation. (Scroll down the article to find the list.)

visas for australia

You Need a Visa to Live and Work in Australia

Specific Australian Skilled & Work Visas for You to Consider

There are various specific Australian Skilled and Work visas that you may be eligible to apply for. Following is more specific information about some of those visas and links to further information about other visas, including their Occupation Lists.

189 Skilled Independent Permanent Visa and the Medium & Long-Term Skills List (MLTSSL)

Applications for a 189 visa must relate to an Occupation that is on the Australian Government’s Medium and Long-term Strategic Skills List (MLTSSL). Please read carefully through this list to see if your Occupation is on it. If it is, this is an opportunity for you to request to be invited to apply for this permanent visa. We stress that foreign workers invited to apply for the 189 visa do not need sponsorship from an employer. But also remember that any expressions of interest are rigorously points tested. Search the combined current list of eligible skilled occupations.

students in an australian university library

La Trobe University Library in Melbourne

Skilled Recognised Graduate 476 Visa.

Skilled Graduate 485 Visa.

Skilled Nominated 190 Visa

Regional 491 and 494 Visas.

DAMA Visas.

Australian Work and Employer Visas.

Tips to Find Employers and Jobs in Australia

To find vacant jobs in Australia, you can consult popular job sites such as Seek, IndeedJob Search and Gumtree. You can also search for job openings and business owners on Facebook and Linkedin. Recruitment agencies may also be an option. If you are a doctor consider Doctor Connect, and if you are looking for harvest farm work consider Job Search for Harvests. And look here for fruit picking jobs. Read our tips of how to find work in Australia.

alberta miculan and rebecca santaera australian migration agents

Alberta and Rebecca, Migration Ways Visa Experts

Your Australian Visa Specialists

Migration Ways is a registered Australian migration business that advises and assists individuals and businesses to apply for all types of visas to enter Australia, including for temporary, skilled, and entertainment work. We are also experts on Australian permanent residence and citizenship. Our registered agents have more than 40 years combined experience working in the migration field in Australia, Italy, Brazil and the United States. We can provide service in Italian, Spanish and English, and all our agents have been migrants. Our main office is in Melbourne, Australia, but we also have presences in Udine, Italy, and Los Angeles, USA.

Contact Migration Ways now to book an in-person or Skype consultation. You may also email us at   or call us on +61 3 9994 2707.

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search for jobs in demand in australia with visas

Read Our Tips of How to Find Work in Australia

Australian Entertainment Visas: Overseas Crew and Talent Need a Visa to Work in Australia

all foreign Film & TVC crew and cast working in Australia need the 408 visa

To Film or Perform in Australia You Need a Visa

The Australian

408 Entertainment Visa

Overseas Film-TV Personnel Need Visas to Work in Australia!*

By Kevin McGrath & Alberta Miculan

If you are an overseas film, documentary, television or commercial producer, director, crew or cast, you need a 408 visa to film or work in Australia. As do musicians, performers, photographers and visual artists.

Simply, ALL foreign film & TVC crew and cast working in Australia need a 408 visa, even if the production will not be shown in Australia. If you are considering bringing overseas talent or crew into Australia, it behoves you to be conversant with the basics of the Australian 408 entertainment visa.

When applying for the 408 entertainment visa, the requirements are:

  • On-line application only.
  • A sponsor is not required unless the stay is longer that 3 months or if applied for while in Australia. Sponsors must be an approved entertainment sponsor.
  • A visa application charge.
  • Visas can be processed very quickly if everything is submitted together and correctly.
  • Union consultation is required except for a documentary or commercial that will not air in Australia.

As a producer who brings in foreign talent and crew, Kevin uses the visa services of Migration Ways (Alberta Miculan) to lodge 408 visa applications. This takes the complicated visa application process off Kevin’s clients’ very full plates and puts them into Kevin and Alberta’s experienced hands. All the applicant now needs to do is supply the documents noted below, complete a questionnaire and supply its supporting documents.

As noted, sponsors/supporters and applicants (or their agents) must now lodge their applications on-line using an Immi Account at If you are using a migration agent, they should already have an Immi Account.

The following is a list of the supporting documents that must be provided with your on-line 408 application:

  • Letter of Invitation/Support from an Australian resident or organisation.
  • Applicant’s CV.
  • Details of the event, activity or work the applicant will be involved in.
  • Travel schedule for the event, activity or work.
  • Signed Contract/Deal Memo between the employer and applicant. (There are tax implications if the employer is Australian).
  • Names and details of any family member travelling with the applicant.
  • Copy (scan) of the ID (photo) page of the applicant’s passport.
  • Evidence of health insurance that will cover the applicant during the stay in Australia.

If your production is screening in Australia, you will also have to present:

  • Evidence to show that the activity will bring ‘net employment benefit’ (economic gain) to Australia.
  • Copy of the Consultation letter sent to the appropriate union/guild.
  • Cast performers in film or TV will need a certificate from the Ministry for the Arts.

Producers or directors coming to Australia only for a scout or for meetings can travel more simply on a Business-Visitor Visa.

When you are applying for a visa, you are dealing with a government authority. Honesty is the best policy. Consider the following:

1) Working on the wrong visa. It’s very tempting to look for an easier way than going through the process of applying for an entertainment visa, particularly when you may be only conducting a one-day shoot. Remember, however, that when you arrive in Australia, you will have to sign an Arrival Document, which, among other things, asks you the purpose of your visit. To write “tourist” when you are not is clearly breaking the law and if you are caught you can be taken to one side, questioned, placed in detention and shipped back home. Further, your passport details will be tagged as an offender, which could jeopardise your future work travel, not only in Australia but also to other countries around the world. Immigration officers today have so much information available to them that it is easier for them to catch offenders.

2) It may also be illegal for you to advise a traveller to break the law. Persons giving such advice are exposing themselves to possible litigation.

3) Providing false information on an application or supplying false information to a migration agent can also lead to a visa not being granted.

Each year many entertainment workers visit Australia to work, adding value to productions made here and to the Australian economy, as well as hiring many local crew. And each year too many such visitors are caught entering Australia on the wrong visa or supplying the wrong information on their visa application. The best solution to not be one of these “unlucky ones” is to hire experienced and knowledgeable Australian producers/production services and migration agents. As all producers know, peace of mind comes from doing it right. Then you can focus fully on creative endeavours and not legal matters.


Kevin McGrath

Kevin McGrath is the principal of K and K McGrath Pty Ltd, which specialises in production services for visiting crew and talent in the production and entertainment industries. Kevin’s longstanding production expertise has been utilised by overseas and domestic producers of major internationally released movies, countless large and small TVC’s, documentaries and still shoots. His local knowledge and expertise has seen many of his clients returning again and again to Australia. +61-418-295180.

Alberta Miculan

Alberta Miculan of Migration Ways is a registered migration agent and specialises in arranging visas for talent and crew entering Australia. Alberta has obtained visas for many production companies and event promoters based in Australia and overseas, including Bunim Murray (USA), Finch (AU), Otto (AU), MTV (USA/AU), Lightstream (AU), Chugg Entertainment (AU), Lime Pictures (UK), National Geographic (US), and Nickelodeon (AU). Alberta’s expertise includes liaising with the relevant Australian entertainment bodies and unions, and attaining certification by the relevant Australian Government Departments.  +61 3 9994 2707.

*An edited version of this article appeared in Compliance Review Quarterly Vol 1. No. 21

To read more about filming visas for Australia.

For Testimonials regarding Migration Ways work on Entertainment 408 visas.

To contact Migration Ways about your Entertainment work in Australia.

408 Visas Regulations Apply from November 2016

Musicians, Photographers, Visual Artists, and Sportspersons Need A Visa to Work in Australia

English Proficiency is the Key to YOUR Success in Australia

Australia is now the third most popular destination for international students around the world, according to latest Australian government statistics

Student Learning English in Australia

Learning English in Australia

Guest article by Elly Beolchi

Australia is now the third most popular destination for international students around the world, according to latest Australian government statistics. Indeed, over the last ten years, Australia has recorded a dramatic increase in the number of international students who have come to study or work Down Under, with a peak in 2017.

Truth to be told though, the Australian dream is not as easy to achieve as it is often believed. YES, there are great work opportunities and YES Australia needs specific workers, such as chefs, IT or nurses, BUT if you wish to stay, work and/or study in Australia, a country with a strong economy and stable socio-political situation, you will need to learn English. English proficiency is, in fact, one of the requirements to obtain a work visa in Australia.

Like everywhere else, the native language of a country is tested in every aspect of a person’s life: From going shopping, visiting the doctor, and studying to managing one’s everyday interactions with any local, state or federal government department. At the start of their life in Australia, a lot of migrants tend to live and work within their own communities, where they can comfortably speak their native language and not worry about mingling with the locals. This microcosmic life, however, usually only lasts until they are offered the opportunity of a permanent visa, which comes along with the scary English proficiency exam. Do you really think that a customer at a restaurant will speak Italian to his Italian waiter? Unfortunately, not. This means that English proficiency is not only important to stay in Australia from a visa point of view, but it is a requirement to be able to find and perform a job.

English proficiency is one of the requirements to obtain a work visa in Australia.

Knowing English is Fundamental to Succeeding in Australia

This article briefly wants to realistically and genuinely help those who are thinking of relocating to Australia by passing on this important message: If you can’t speak the language, Australia – like any country in the world – will not make your life easy.

Speaking English is not only an ability to use the language to express thoughts and feelings, it is also the ability to understand a culture in its many aspects. Little details such as tone of voice, pitch, word stress and endless grammar forms help us express needs, mood and opinions. Without the knowledge of these, we run the risk of misinterpreting and miscommunicating our intentions, which could lead to unwanted consequences, such as failing a proficiency language exam or a job interview in English.

When browsing through endless work and/or study opportunities, communication is always an essential prerequisite required by prospective employers as well as educational providers. Being able to communicate means not only being able to read, write, speak and listen but also to understand the history and diverse culture that shaped this country.

Australia is now the third most popular destination for international students around the world

English is a Complex but Rich and Productive Language to Learn

This is why genuine English courses are strongly encouraged for all the foreign nationals who want to live in Australia. Studying English Down Under will be a life experience because of the added value of multiculturalism that students can experience here. Genuine English language courses offer modern and cutting-edge programs, with teachers who are highly qualified and must meet strict requirements.

Schools like SMEAG English offer a wide range of courses, including IELTS exam preparation, Cambridge FCE, CAE and PTE exam preparation, some of which are recognized by the Australian Government for migration purposes. Consequently, if you wish to succeed in Australia, to make a new life for yourself here, you will first need to demonstrate your ability to not only speak but also to understand the values, standards and culture that make this country so appealing. Spending a few months attending an English school would then be the perfect way to break the language barrier, gain confidence, make friends and start your new Australian life in the best possible way.

Remember, English proficiency is the key to your success and personal development in the land Down Under!

Elly Beolchi is Director of Studies at SMEAG English, an English Language school in the heart of Melbourne that specialises in training and developing the English skills of international students. For more information, visit

English proficiency is the key to your success and personal development in the land Down Under!

Study English in Australia

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Australian Permanent Residence Visas

A koala bear, one of australia's leading tourist attractions

Enjoy an Australian Koala When You Live Down Under

Live Permanently in Australia on a Permanent Residence Visa

In the 2016-17 Australian financial year, a total of 183,608 permanent residence visas were granted.

The Australian Department of Home Affairs website has described an Australian Permanent Resident as “a non-citizen who is the holder of a permanent visa. A permanent resident can live, work and study without restriction in Australia.” The five main categories of Permanent Residence visas are valid for 5 years and with renewal can last the lifetime of the recipient.

Advantages to Being an Australian Permanent Resident

As the above description indicates, there are significant advantages to having a permanent Australian visa. Foreign nationals on an Australian Permanent Residence visa can:

–Live anywhere in Australia.

–Live permanently in Australia.

–Work, study, or travel as they like in Australia.

–Buy a house.

–Send their children to Australian government schools without paying international student rates.

–Have access to Centrelink government services.

–Use Government Medicare services.

–Bring their immediate family (wife/husband and children) with them. These spouses and children have the same rights as the primary applicant.

–After you have settled apply to sponsor a member of the family unit (or a later spouse) to enter Australia.

–Most importantly being a permanent resident is a pathway to becoming an Australian citizen. (Read about Australian citizenship.)

(Please note that an Australian permanent resident does not have the right to vote or “an automatic right of entry to Australia.”)

opera house and sydney harbour for australian permanent residents to enjoy

Sydney, Gateway to Australia and Home of the Sydney Opera House

Types of Australian Permanent Residence Visas

These are the five main categories of Australian Permanent Residence visas, all of which can be applied for in Australia or offshore (overseas):

Category 1:  Family Visas

Partner/Spouse visa

There are two main streams for Partner visas: Spouse/de facto and Prospective Marriage (fiance). Both of these visas can be applied for in Australia or offshore (overseas.)

Parent visa

Australia has a parent visa program that allows permanent residents to sponsor their parents to live in Australia. Read more about Parent visas.

Child visa

Child (Permanent) (Subclass 101) visa

Adoption visa (Permanent) (Subclass 102)

Read information about the Child visa and the Adoption visa.

Last Remaining Relative visa

The Department of Home Affairs website states that “This visa allows someone outside Australia whose only near relatives are living in Australia to live in Australia as a permanent resident.”

Category 2: Employer Nominated Visas

There are two Employer Nominated visas, notably the 187 Regional visa and the 186 Employer Nominated visa.

The 187 Regional visa has its own Occupation List: The Regional Occupation List (ROL). Read here to see if your occupation is on the ROL list.

Category 3: Skilled Visas

There are two main Skilled visas: The 189 Skilled Independent and the 190 Skilled Nominated.

Category 4: Business Skilled Migration Visas

For this category, there is the 132 Business Talent visa.

Category 5: Special Migration (Skilled Talent) Visas

The Special visa category is for the Distinguished Talent 124 and 858 visas.

Please note that the visas listed above do not include the Provisional/Temporary Skilled visas that may lead to Permanent Visas.

Permanent Resident Children can Attend Australian government schools without paying international student rates.

Permanent Resident Children Can Attend Australian Government Schools

Eligibility and Conditions for Australian Permanent Residence Visas

There are, of course, many criteria an applicant must meet to be eligible for any of these Permanent Residence visas. If you follow the links above, you can read more about the eligibility criteria for these visas.

There is one aspect of all the Permanent Residence visas that you will become aware of and must follow: If you ever leave the shores of Australia, you must do so with a valid Resident Return visa. With this visa, you can then easily re-enter Australia to resume without fault your permanent residence. Read about the important Resident Return visa.

three tourists enjoying one of australia's beautiful beaches in western australia

Enjoy Australia’s Beautiful Beaches

Why Become a Permanent Resident?

Many holders of Australian visas want to transition from temporary to permanent visas. They wish to live more securely in Australia to enjoy its many advantages: An often-warm climate, economic prosperity, and political freedom and stability. More specifically, a Permanent Residence visa allows each holder to better pursue his or her personal dreams and reasons for coming to this great country of possibilities. Read about living in Melbourne, the world’s most liveable city.

Why Migration Ways is the Immigration Consultancy for You

Don’t wait until Australia’s laws might change. Consult with a Migration Ways registered and experienced migration agent NOW. All our agents have been in your shoes: Travellers, visa holders and permanent residents. And our agents speak English, Italian, and Spanish. Contact Migration Ways, a leading Australian immigration agency.

Read an introduction about the services of Migration Ways.

Read about the personable and skilled staff of Migration Ways and why they can help you.

Read testimonials about the work of the Migration Ways registered migration agents.

alberta miculan and rebecca santaera melbourne migration agents

Alberta Miculan and Rebecca Santaera, Co-Directors of Mebourne’s Migration Ways

Become a Citizen of Australia

A map of Australia showing many places where new Australian citizens can live, work or study.

In 2015-2016, more than 133,000 foreign nationals from 190 countries became Australian citizens.

Australian Citizenship

On Tuesday August 7, 2018, Australia’s population hit 25 million. Following are some interesting facts about Australian immigration and citizenship. Regarding recent plans by the Australian government to make it harder to become a citizen, now may be a good time to submit your citizenship application.

In 2016, Australia had 2.2 million permanent migrants who had arrived between the years of 2000 and 2016. The top three birth countries of these migrants were India, England and China, in descending order.

In 2016 also, 26.3 per cent of people living in Australia were born overseas, with 18 per cent coming from non-English speaking backgrounds.

Australia’s migrant intake (number of visas granted) in 2018, however, is expected to drop to 165,000, from a projected 190,000.

According to the Department of Home Affairs, “More than 5 million people have become citizens since Australian citizenship was introduced in 1949.”

The Department also posted the following table, which “shows the number of people who were conferred as Australian citizens in 2016-17, according to their former nationality.

Former nationality Persons Per cent
India 24,181 18
United Kingdom 21,061 15
Philippines 9112 7
China, Peoples Republic of 6578 5
South Africa 4906 4
Sri Lanka 4487 3
​Pakistan ​4480 ​​3
Ireland, Republic of 4286 3
Vietnam 3859 3
New Zealand 3593 3
Other 51,207 37
Total 137,750 100

“ Source: The Department of Home Affairs

Australian media has reported that the federal government “will have a second go at passing legislation to make it harder to officially become an Australian citizen.” If this legislation does pass, now may be a good time to apply for citizenship.

Why Become an Australian Citizen

In 2015-2016, more than 133,000 foreign nationals from 190 countries took the oath to become Australian citizens. Some of the important advantages to becoming an Australian citizen include:

  • Entering Australia hassle free.
  • Being secure from deportation.
  • Having the right to vote.
  • Travelling visa free to 169 countries.
  • Gaining a passport.

Eligibility for Becoming an Australian Citizen

The criteria for eligibility for Australian citizenship and the particular citizenship process that you will follow is influenced by which citizenship route you are eligible for. There are quite a few paths to Australian citizenship, with the following being just a few of the more common ones. You may be eligible to apply for Australian citizenship if you:

  • Have a parent who was born in Australia.
  • Were born in Australia.
  • Are a former Australian citizen wanting to resume your citizenship.
  • Have lived in Australia for the last four years, including the last 12 months as a permanent resident.

Consult an Experienced Australian Citizen Expert

To best understand your pathway to apply for Australian citizenship, book now a consultation with one of Migration Ways registered immigration experts. Migration Ways agents have all been migrants and have travelled the globe. We understand your travel, visa and immigration needs. We can do consultations in our Melbourne CBD office or via Skype or our U.S phone number. Our agents speak English, Italian and Spanish.

Travel serenely in our experienced hands!

Viaggia sereno nelle nostre mani!

¡Viaja tranquilo, nosotros nos ocupamos del resto!

Australia's most famous beach, Bondi Beach in the eastern suburbs of Sydney NSW

Bondi Beach in Sydney Australia

Tips for New Arrivals in Australia. What You Will Need to Do!

Ria arriving in Australia after obtaining a partner visa

Ria Dellosa Landing in Australia

Tips for Living in Australia

My name is Ria Dellosa. Migration Ways of Australia helped me obtain my Partner visa so I could enter Australia to start a new life with my husband, Tyrone. Although I was born and grew up in the Philippines, I have lived and worked in Singapore for the last 10 years. I know how hard and daunting it can be to move countries. There is so much to learn and do, to adjust to.

I’ve now been in Australia for two months and I can say that I have adjusted pretty well and fast. By making sure that things were in order from the moment I booked my ticket to Australia up until the week I arrived, really helped to make my adjustment to this new country easier.

I would like to share some of my experiences of how I adjusted to Australia with others who might soon be starting a new life in this country.

Plan Ahead

Moving your whole life to an entirely new country was something I was familiar with. In 2007, I came from the Philippines to work in Singapore carrying 30kgs of luggage; nothing but clothes, shoes and a laptop. Fast forward to 10 years later; I now needed to move 10 years-worth of my “stuff” from Singapore to Australia. Added to this, I also had to purchase clothing for the changing seasons in Sydney. So, I now had books and memorabilia I wanted to bring with me, thick jackets and coats, and shoes and bags for different occasions, such as sports, casual, office, holiday, and so on. In order to save time and effort, I organized to ship some of my non-essential things and decided to just carry with me on the plane what I needed to have with me to survive my first few months in Australia.

Months prior to my flight, I started joining Australian job sites and recruitment agencies. I also went to my doctor and asked for a copy of all my medical records and test results, and a signed letter regarding the medications I’m currently taking. Having this information with you will help your future doctor in Australia have your medical background at hand.

Saving money is very essential, especially if you haven’t yet secured a job in your new country. So, plan to save money for at least a few months before your move. Ironically, my move also demanded that I spend money to shop for cheap winter clothes and accessories, office clothes, and so forth. But just buy enough items to last you while you wait for a job opportunity and having a source of income.


Nope, not terms and conditions. Transportation and Communication. Upon arrival in Sydney, it was essential for me to get an Australian phone number and to save on my phone all the important Australian phone numbers, like the emergency numbers (police, fire and ambulance) and those of people I knew who I could contact in case of an emergency. I also updated my resume and the job sites I was a member of with my new Australian phone number. Now when an interested employer would stumble upon my records, he would find a local number that he can contact, instead of my previous overseas number. To have a transport card, I bought my Opal (NSW transport) card a couple of months back, when I took a vacation in Sydney after my spouse visa application had been lodged.

Tax File Number and Medicare Card

On the second day after my arrival, I immediately filed for a Tax File Number (TFN) at an Australian Tax Office (ATO), just in case the procedure would take days to process and to cover the time it might take for the card to be mailed to me. This TFN can also be requested online or through an accountant. If you are unsure how to do it, I suggest going to an ATO office as they have lots of staff willing to walk you through the process. Remember to have your important documents at hand, as you will need to fill in your details very accurately. This process of requesting a TFN took less than half an hour and I was informed that the actual letter was going to be mailed to me within a few days. At this office, we were advised where the nearest Medicare office was and within the same day I also received my temporary Medicare card. (In case you don’t know, Medicare is Australia’s government based medical insurance/care system. You must have some kind of medical insurance in Australia.)


With the money I had saved, I opened a bank account so that once I landed a job, I would already have a bank account to provide to my employer. It was also essential for me to open a bank account as it helped me to gain access to local ATMs anywhere I go in Sydney. I have also linked my Opal transport card to my bank account, so that I know that I will never run out of a balance when I travel in Sydney.


Upon settling in and sorting out all the above little things, I dived right into those job sites again and started my job search.  I signed up at a lot of job recruitment sites and job search engines such as CareerOne, Seek, Indeed, Jora and Adzuna. Each day I would spend almost half a day emailing, writing cover letters, finding and applying for every job that I was suitable for. In Singapore, I worked as an Operations Executive and was now looking for similar work in Australia.

Since I had a specific industry in my mind (Export/Import/Trade Finance) that I was interested to be a part of, I researched companies in that industry using Linkedin and Google. I would then go to these companies’ websites and search for career opportunities. At the same time, I also applied for part-time work that could help me get by just in case my job search would take longer than I expected. I emailed one company that I was familiar with, even though they hadn’t posted a job vacancy, and I asked to be part of their company. Luckily, a position had just opened and they read my email before they had advertised the job. This led me to a job interview and here I am now working for a company in the industry that I was very interested in.


This is my last tip, but definitely not one to forget. It’s important to stop and enjoy the new environment you’re in. At the same time, this is also a way for you to get familiar with the places and landmarks and train stations, etc, of your new home. If you have a job interview, test your travel time or your journey connections at least a day before so as not to get lost on the day itself. Travel around the city, walk around to find cheap marketplaces, visit historical places and ENJOY your new home! And now I have someone to share all this fun with.

Even after my visa was approved, my relationship with my migration agency (Migration Ways) didn’t stop. They helped me and my husband prepare for things we had to do and where to do them, which made my adjustment easier. My husband and I ensured that we kept in touch with our agents and they were as approachable as they were when we started our visa application process. All the very best to you all for your move to Australia. A land of hope and opportunity indeed!


Check out this Migration article of tips to find work and employers in Australia. 

Also use these useful links for official government sites, job sites, and What to Do pages to help you during your visit to Australia.

To learn more about the visa and citizenship services of Migration Ways, a leading Melbourne migration advisory service.

To book a consultation with one of our bilingual visa experts, at either our CBD Melbourne office or over Skype.

Migration Ways of Australia helped me obtain my Partner visa so I could enter Australia to start a new life with my husband

Ria & Tyrone Enjoying Sydney Together

Australia’s Regional 187 Visa as an Option for You?

Koalas live in regional Australia

Australia’s Koala Can Be Seen in Regional Australia

The 187 and 489 visas were discontinued on Nov 16, 2019, and replaced by the 491 and 494 Regional visas.

Australia’s 187 Regional Visa

Starting in April 2017, it became harder for foreign nationals to obtain certain Australian work visas. Regional visas are an often forgotten or ignored visa option that may be the answer for many of those wishing to live and work in Australia. There are two Australian regional visas: the Regional Sponsored Migration Scheme subclass 187, and the Skilled Regional Provisional visa subclass 489, but the 187 visa is the more common of the two options. This article will discuss only the 187 visa.

Regional Sponsored Permanent Residence Migration Scheme visa subclass 187

The Regional Sponsored Migration Scheme 187 visa is a permanent residence visa that allows skilled workers to work in specific regional and low population growth areas of Australia. The 187 visa allows employers in regional Australia to nominate and employ skilled foreign nationals in positions unable to be filled from the local labour market.

For the 187 visa, the classification of a regional area of Australia is determined by the post code of the area where your nominating employer’s business is located. See the list of approved postcodes here.

The list of occupations eligible for the 187 visa is broader than for other employer-sponsored visas. See the current list of approved occupations for the 187 visa here.

A few of the eligibility requirements for the 187 visa include:

*Applicants must be under the age of 45.

*Must be nominated for the visa by an employer.

*Must have the required skills and competent English for the nominated position.

*The position on offer must be full-time, ongoing, and be available for at least two years.

The 187 visa requires employers to meet training benchmark requirements and has no set Temporary Skilled Migration Income Threshold (TSMIT), but the salary offer to the applicant must meet market salary rates. The nominated position, together with the proposed terms and conditions of employment, need to be certified by the relevant Regional Certifying Board appointed for the specified employment location.

Please be aware that the criteria for the 187 visa will change in March 2018.

To learn more details about the 187 regional visa for permanent residence from employer nomination, please read here.

Read about the 489 Regional Visa.

Other Work Visas

For more general information about Australian work visas, please go here.

To discuss all your visa options with a registered visa consultant, please write or call Migration Ways. Our expert staff has more than 30 years combined experience in the migration field and speak Spanish, Italian and English.

Melbourne Immigration Agency

Migration Ways are leading Australian migration agents based in Melbourne.

Australia is millions of square km in which there are many towns and farm and mining sites where you can work.

Australia Has Many Regional Towns To Work and Live

Australia’s Popular Working-Holiday Visas!

A working holiday visa allows young foreigners to work anywhere in Australia for up to one year

Work Anywhere in Australia on a Working-Holiday Visa

Australian Working Holiday Visas

During the Australian financial year of 2015-2016, almost 215,000 Working Holiday visas were granted. As per the rules of this visa program, all the recipients of these two temporary working holiday visas, the 417 and the 462, were between the ages of 18 and 31. These visa recipients, and many hundreds of thousands of other youthful recipients before and since, have taken advantage of arguably the simplest and best visa option to live and work “down unda.”

Countries Eligible for Australia’s 417 and 462 Visas

A working holiday visa allows young foreigners to work anywhere in Australia for up to one year, but only “for up to six months with each employer.” Currently the nationals of 39 countries or territories are eligible for the 417 or 462 visa. Which of these visas you might be eligible to apply for depends on which country you are from. To check these lists of eligible countries, click here and here. Countries whose citizens are currently eligible for the 417 or 462 visas include the United States, Canada, Israel, Italy, Spain, and the UK. Eligible Asian countries include China, Hong Kong, South Korea, Japan, Thailand, and Taiwan. Please be aware that there is a cap on the number of working holiday visas granted each year.

Please note that from July 1, 2019, the appropriate Greek citizens will be eligible to apply for a Working Holiday visa.

Conditions of Australia’s Working Holiday Visas

It is possible to apply for a second working holiday visa, but you will first need to work 88 days in a regional area of Australia in a specifically stipulated job. Having met these criteria, you now become eligible to work anywhere in Australia for an additional 12 months. The working holiday visas also allow you as part of this 12 month period to study for up to 4 months in Australia. One of the great advantages of a working holiday visa is that once you have worked with an employer, he can consider sponsoring you for a temporary or permanent work visa.

Applying for the Working Holiday Visa

When applying for your first working holiday visa you must make the application offshore, that is, not from Australia. The second working holiday visa, however, can be applied for from either onshore or offshore. Currently the government visa application charge for the first visa is AU$440.

To read more about working holiday visas, see the Australian Department of Immigration and Border Protection website for information about the 417 and 462 working holiday visas.

For tax information regarding workers on a working holiday visa, see the Australian Tax Office site.

Read about which countries are eligible for the Working Holiday Visas.

For information regarding other popular Australian work visas, read here.

To search for jobs in Australia, visit Job Search.

And Gumtree

And read this article about finding work and employers in Australia.

Many foreigners especially Italians, Spanish, and Indians work in Australia as chefs, cooks and restaurant managers

Work in Australia’s Hospitality Industry as a Cook or Chef


Finding Employers and Work in Australia

A worker and employer shaking hands after the worker is hired for a job

A Foreign Worker Being Hired for a Job

Jobs in Australia

We are often asked if Migration Ways can help people who are not Australian citizens or permanent residents find jobs in Australia. We cannot help anyone find jobs, foreign nationals or Australians. We are solely an Australian immigration agency; our business is to advise, help problem solve, prepare and lodge visa applications for our clients. But we do understand the vital importance of this question about finding work in Australia. All the staff of Migration Ways have worked overseas or are foreign born workers now living in Australia. Migration Ways has therefore prepared the following  tips on how to find work in Australia.

Work Visas Are Needed

First, there is the inescapable fact that must be accepted. All those who are not Australian citizens or permanent residents (excepting New Zealanders, more on that later) need a visa that permits them to work in Australia. Currently two of the most common visas allowing you to work in Australia are the TSS 482 Work and the 186 (Employer Nomination Scheme).

When looking for work in a foreign country, there is a big difference between those people still residing in their homeland and those living in a foreign country. Let’s first discuss the easier option of foreign nationals searching for work while living in Australia.

Australian Networking and Job Sites

Similar to your home country, the best way to find a job is through word of mouth and contacts. If you are in Australia long term, you probably know many Australians as well as citizens from your home country. Network with them. Ask them about any job openings they may know of. Ask a friend to talk to his employer about hiring you. Or more concretely, if you are a chef, for example, talk to other chefs living in Australia and learn which restaurants are seeking to employ chefs, cooks and floor staff. Drop by your local restaurants and talk to the owners. Research restaurants online and call their owners or managers.

There are popular job sites to consult, such as Seek, Career One, Indeed, Job Search and Gumtree. You can also search for job openings and business owners on Facebook and Linkedin. Recruitment agencies may also be an option.  If you are a doctor consider Doctor Connect, and if you are looking for harvest farm work consider Job Search for Harvests. And here for fruit picking jobs.

Overseas and Looking for Work in Australia

It is, obviously, harder and more complex to find work in Australia if you are living offshore. But it can be done. For example, if you have any family or business contacts in Australia, consult with them. Perhaps they can sponsor you or know someone who can. Ask! You can, of course, apply for Australian jobs advertised on the Internet, such as on the job sites noted above, but most employers will want to, at the very least, meet you. You can, however, consider travelling to Australia on a Business visitor visa, which allows you to meet with potential employers and to interview. This visa does not allow you to work, but only to explore work options.

The faces of many men and women who are potential job applicants who could be hired for work

There Could be an Australian Job for You

Skilled Occupations Wanted in Australia!

There is one important thing overseas workers can do by themselves to help them towards finding jobs in Australia. They can check if their occupation is on a skilled occupation list. These are the occupations that the Australian Department of Home Affairs has determined Australia needs because of skill shortages. Check if your occupation is on one of these lists and if it is contact Migration Ways to book a consultation to see what could be the best way for you to move forward to finding a job in Australia.

Also check if your occupation is on the Occupation Ceilings list for the 2019-20 financial year.

Read more about Australia’s Skilled Visas. 

 Working and Holiday Visas for Australia

Arguably, the simplest and best visa option to work in Australia, if you are under 31 years of age, is a Working Holiday visa. Currently the nationals of 39 countries or territories are eligible for these 417 or 462 visas. (Which of these visas you might be able to apply for depends on which country you are from. See the lists of these eligible countries here and here.) Some countries whose citizens are currently eligible for these visas include the United States, Canada, Israel, Italy and the UK. Other eligible countries closer to Australia include China, South Korea, Japan, Thailand, and Taiwan. Please be aware that there is a yearly cap on the number of Working Holiday visas granted.

Working 88 Days in Regional Australia

A Working Holiday visa allows you to work for 12 months anywhere in Australia, with a maximum of 6 months with the one employer. If you want to apply for a second Working Holiday visa, you will need to work for 88 days in regional areas of Australian in specifically stipulated jobs. Having met these criteria, you become eligible to work in Australia for an additional 12 months. One of the great advantages of the Working Holiday visa is that once you have worked with an employer he can consider sponsoring you for a 482 work visa or some equivalent.

Australian Regional Visas

The current federal government is promoting foreign workers to live in Regional Australia. Regional visas are a visa option that may be the answer for many of those wishing to live and work in Australia. There are two Australian regional visas: In late 2019, the 187 and 489 visas was discontinued and replaced by the 491 and 494 Regional visas.

Entertainment Visa

And there are specialty entry visas for specific industries, such as an Entertainment visa for film crew, musicians or sportspeople who have been hired to work in Australia on a temporary basis.

And New Zealanders? Because of the special historical relationship and free trade agreement between New Zealand and Australia, New Zealanders are the only nationality that can automatically enter Australia and work in any field they like.

Your Australian Migration Agents

The above tips are very general and do not cover every Australian visa or entry contingency, nor should they be construed as legal advice. For that, please consult with us. Your future is important and there could be an Australian visa option for you. We can meet with you at our convenient downtown Melbourne office, interface with you on Skype, or talk with you over the telephone. If you do find an Australian employer to sponsor you, Migration Ways can advise you in English, Italian and Spanish. Happy work in Australia!


Read these personal tips from a Migration Ways client about what she had to do after she arrived in Australia, including finding work.

All those who are not Australian citizens or permanent residents need a visa that permits them to work in Australia.

You Need a Visa That Allows You to Work in Australia


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